CDS and YChNP include forests which contain biological richness, we are presenting some of the flora and fauna species found here
CDS and YChNP protect important populations of native wildlife among which are the woolly monkey and andean bear. In the YChNP 527 species have been reported .
Birds are valuable indicators for changes in biodiversity, there are more than 10,426 species worldwide. Of these, 1,847 species have been described in Peru and 527 species in the YChNP.
Reptiles have a fundamental role for the population control of the ecosystems, like predator or prey. In some cases, they are important scatters of seeds. There are more than 10,269 species of reptiles worldwide, of them 467 have been registered in Peru.
The amphibians are indicators of ecosystem health and help controlling insects population. There are more than 4,450 species around the world, 611 of them can be found in Peru.
The mammals fulfill an important roll in ecosystems like indicators of ecosystems health. There are near of 5,487 species worldwide. Peru is the third country with the higher number of mammals species, having more than 460 species.
The insects have an important role recycling nutrients and organic matter in ecosystems. They can be pollinators, predators and parasitoides. At the moment, At the moment, there are more than 1,000,000 species of insects identified worldwide.
CDS y the YChNP protect a large number of diverse species of flora. Some of them are bromeliads, mosses, ferns and orchids. There are more than 2,000 species of flora registered here, many of them have medicinal purposes.
Orchidaceae is a large and diverse family of flowering plants, with around 25,000 species estimated worldwide. Of these, 2,873 species have been described in Peru, with many more still unknown to science. Peru’s cloud forests are particularly rich in orchids and CDS is home to a vast number of species from various genera.
Fungi decompose matter present in animals and plants. They are also a source of food or medicinal and soil nutrients are allowing the cultivation and development of plant species. There are approximately 100,000 species of fungi in the world, but it is estimated that there are many more to discover.
The importance of these plants is the presence of active components that help fight illness and disease, either through traditional use or as a primary source for the production of drugs.
Lichens are slower growing organisms, they only can live in association with other organisms. Most lichens are highly intolerant to air pollution, for this reason they are found mainly in rural areas . There are between 13,500 and 17,000 species of lichens.